See the complete review published in Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases: Fully bioresorbable drug-eluting coronaryscaffolds: A review
Following the development of stents, then drug-eluting stents (DES), bioresorbable scaffolds are proposed as a third evolution in coronary angioplasty, aiming to reduce the incidence of restenosis and stent thrombosis and to restore vascular physiology. At least 16 such devices are currently under development, but published clinical data were available for only three of them in September 2014.
The first device is Abbott’s BVS®, a poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA)-based everolimus-eluting device, which has been tested in a registry and two non-randomized trials. Clinical results seem close to what is expected from a modern DES, but possibly with more post-procedural side-effects. Two randomized trials versus DES are underway. This device is already marketed in many European countries.
The second device is Elixir’s DESolve®, a PLLA-based novolimus-eluting device, which has been evaluated in two single-arm trials. Results are not widely different from those expected from a DES.
The third device is Biotronik’s DREAMS®, a metallic magnesium-based paclitaxel-eluting device, which has been assessed in an encouraging single-arm trial; its second version is currently undergoing evaluation in a single-arm trial.
The available results suggest that the technological and clinical development of bioresorbable scaffolds is not yet complete: their possible clinical benefits are still unclear compared with third-generation DES; the impact of arterial physiology restoration has to be assessed over the long term; and their cost-effectiveness has to be established. From the perspective of a health technology assessment, there is no compelling reason to hasten the clinical use of these devices before the results of ongoing randomized controlled trials become available.